Seminole Crop E News

Agricultural News for Farmers and Agribusiness in SW Georgia

Canola Meeting

Posted by romeethredge on July 29, 2014

There will be a Canola Institute on Friday, August 8 from 8:30 until 12:30 in the Kirbo Center at Bainbridge College.  This event will include presentations from Eric Prostko, Bob Kemerait, and David Buntin (UGA Extension scientists) who will offer production information for canola.  Other speakers and presentations will follow.  Breakfast and lunch will be provided.

If you are interested in attending, please RSVP to Janice Baty of Bainbridge College at 229-248-2515 or at email listed below in Bainbridge College’s brochure.

 

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Spider Mites in Peanuts

Posted by romeethredge on July 29, 2014

Spider mites are building in peanuts. High heat and dry weather makes them worse. They are mostly seen in dryland fields. I’ve seen a few seriously affected fields lately and I’ve seen them at low numbers in several fields.

We sometimes inadvertently make them worse with other insecticide applications because we kill off some of the beneficial insects that were holding them in check. The insecticides that we use on foliage feeding caterpillars at times make spider mites worse.  We call that flaring them.

I took these photos this week.

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Posted in Entomology, Peanuts | Tagged: , | Leave a Comment »

Pasture Caterpillars

Posted by romeethredge on July 29, 2014

Foliage eating caterpillars have been serious in pastures and hayfields for a while now and maybe worse the last week or so.  I looked at 2 Tift 85 Bermudagrass fields today that are infested with fall armyworms. They feed very quickly, often with in a few days they can leave stems, no leaves.

Often white cattle egrets are seen in  problem fields, eating on the worms. Unfortunately they don’t eat enough to control them.

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Posted in Cattle, Entomology, Livestock | Tagged: , | Leave a Comment »

Redneck Peanut Worms getting worse

Posted by romeethredge on July 29, 2014

I’m seeing lots of these rednecked peanut worms. If your field looks stunted in growth it can be partly due to this caterpillar. You have to dig into the young leaf growth to see them.

Here’s a photo that  Brock Ward, Miller County Agent took when we were looking at some peanuts last week.20140724_113702

Moths lay their eggs one at a time, and larvae feed just in the growing tip or bud of the plant. As the small leaves unfold, the damage is seen, and the infested area takes on a ragged appearance. If damage occurs early in the season, plant stunting may result.

Worms are cream-colored with a dark brown head and a reddish colored band just behind the head. Full grown larvae are approximately 1/2 inch in length. Worms are active when disturbed.

Posted in Entomology, Peanuts | Tagged: , | Leave a Comment »

Question of the Week – Black Racer

Posted by romeethredge on July 24, 2014

Last week’s snake was a newly hatched Black Racer.

Here’s what the adult looks like.

species photo

Here’s some info from the Savannah River Ecology Lab.  http://srelherp.uga.edu/snakes/colcon.htm

“Black racers are only active during the daytime and are most active in warm weather. At night and during cool weather they take refuge in burrows or under cover such as boards or tin. Racers hunt by sight and are often observed actively foraging during the day. They are not active at night. They eat a wide variety of prey including insects, lizards, snakes, birds, rodents, and amphibians.

Racers are faster than most other snakes, very agile, and generally flee when approached, often climbing into small trees or shrubs. If cornered, however, they do not hesitate to bite. Although primarily terrestrial, they climb well and are occasionally observed sleeping in vegetation at night. Racers mate in the spring, and females lay up to 36 eggs in early summer.”

Decatur county agent, Justin Ballew, showed me this butterfly this week. What is it?

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Posted in Agriculture, Entomology, Wildlife | Tagged: , | 1 Comment »

Peanuts Good to Caterpillars, too

Posted by romeethredge on July 24, 2014

Peanuts are good to us and they also are good to many things in nature. Caterpillars love to eat their leaves and blooms. There is a wide variety of caterpillars to be found in the fields now. Mostly Tobacco Budworms, Fall armyworms, Beet Armyworms, and Soybean Loopers. A few Granulate Cutworms and Rednecked Peanut worms also.   I was surprised to see a few Velvetbean Caterpillars(VBC), it’s early in the season to see them. Many fields have had to be treated or will be treated this week for foliage feeding  caterpillars.

It’s funny though, there will be a badly infested field and right down the road a field that doesn’t have a problem? So scouting is very important.

 

Here’s a VBC coming in early this year. They are big eaters, unfortunately. They wiggle around like crazy when touched.

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Here is a Tobacco Budworm feeding on a peanut bloom this week. Fortunately the peanut plant produces an excess of blooms or we would be in big trouble with this, it is still bothersome and not a good thing.

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 You may notice that I didn’t mention Corn earworm in worms found in peanuts. There are probably some, but they look just like the closely related Tobacco Budworms. Most moths seen lately are budworm moths. Decatur county Agent Justin Ballew and I sampled several of these Heliothis caterpillars and did some dentistry to positively ID them and all we checked were Budworms (Heliothis virescens). They are often very tough to kill with pyrethroids so other chemistry is necessary, whereas their look-a-like the Corn Earworm (Heliothis zea) can be controlled more easily. Below see the ID chart provided by Dr. Phillip Roberts, UGA Extension entomologist.

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larval id

Rednecked peanut worm is a small caterpillar most often found in the growing point of the plant wrapped up in leaves. We found some this week. Sometimes a field will seem to be very slow growing and this will be the problem. I think there’s a new song about them on country radio.

“Red, Red, Red, Red, Red, Red, Red Redneck.

The worms ’round here. They cause growers some fear. Talk about bad, these worms are bad. Chew peanuts, chew peanuts, chew peanuts. Spit.

Redneck worms are bittin, chewin,

and causin farmers concern

theres a lot of things i know but

I still need to learn

How this redneck can kill those redneck worms

Written by Jeff Braswell, Andrew Sawyer and myself.   redneck

Posted in Agriculture, Entomology, Peanuts | Leave a Comment »

4-H Camp

Posted by romeethredge on July 23, 2014

 We had a good week at 4-H Camp a couple of weeks back and we learned a lot. We were at Camp Fortson, just south of Atlanta. Georgia has 5 camps across the state that stay busy with all kinds of good programs.

The week at Summer camp is educational and fun. We had several classes concerning the natural world around us. Here below we were in a great Herpetology class to learn and touch lots of reptiles and amphibians.

Did you know that there are 85 reptiles and 87 amphibians in Georgia?

 

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Here’s a friendly corn snake.

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And a Gopher Tortoise, as all turtles has 13 scutes on his back? You can see 9 of them here, with the other 4 on the other side.

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How about some fun with Wet games? The giant slip and slide is always a hit.

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Posted in 4H, Agriculture, Wildlife | 1 Comment »

Kudzu Bugs – Ready to Control

Posted by romeethredge on July 22, 2014

I looked at 2 blooming soybean fields today, and one had a good hatchout a few days old of juvenile kudzu bugs and the other had some just coming out of the eggs.

The grower chose to spray the one that has many juveniles hatched out. He also has a lot of various caterpillars and some foliage damage so he will piggyback a spray for caterpillars as well or use a combination product that will get both.

It was kind of surprizing that we’re seeing a few Velvet bean caterpillars (VBC), it’s a little early for them. We are seeing several types of caterpillars, mainly fall armyworms, beet armyworms  and soybean loopers.

The other grower will wait a few days to make sure most all of this second generation is hatched out so we can get a good kill. He doesn’t have many foliage feeders so he will just go with a pyrethroid for the bugs and some boron.

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In this photo below you can see the white egg cases.

 

 

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Posted in Agriculture, Entomology, Soybeans | Tagged: , | Leave a Comment »

This is what we’ve been waiting on – Black Layer

Posted by romeethredge on July 21, 2014

Black layer, yes, turn off the irrigation on this corn crop if you see it. This helps on the power or diesel bills for running irrigation. Use of irrigation has been high the last couple of months or so, but necessary.

We are seeing the black layer at the bottom of the kernel in our oldest fields. So when this appears the corn is made. I talked to one grower who planted on Feb 28 and his corn black layered early last week and the moisture was 28%  late in the week so he ‘ll wait until late this week to harvest and dry it.

I looked at several fields that are close to this point so we are behind where we usually are at this point in the season due to cool wet weather early on, but doing well.

 

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Here’s some corn below that needs some more time. The milk line needs to be all the way down when the corn is made.

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Posted in Agriculture, Corn, Water | Tagged: , | Leave a Comment »

Question of the Week – 205

Posted by romeethredge on July 18, 2014

There are 205 different trees in Georgia. We learned a lot in the forestry class at 4-H camp.

This week I was given a snake to identify. A gentleman found several near his home and wanted to make sure they aren’t venomous and he wanted to know what it was, it was dead when I got it.

What snake is this and is it venomous?

photo (10)

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Posted in Wildlife | Tagged: , | 2 Comments »

 
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