Seminole Crop E News

Agricultural News for Farmers and Agribusiness in SW Georgia

Some Dry Peanuts will Make Something

Posted by romeethredge on September 19, 2014

After visiting several dryland peanut fields that won’t make many peanuts at all. I was encouraged to see at least one that will make some peanuts. Our rains were very spotty and if you happened to be in a spot that got a few more rains during the growing season then it really helps.

Here’s Jason Roberts with some of his dryland peanuts on Fenell Road that actually look pretty good. They still have a little pod rot like all dryland this year but they will make a crop. Peanuts need abundant rain until the 120 day mark with most varieties.



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Posted by romeethredge on September 19, 2014

This is unfortunately what we are seeing a good bit of now in out cotton, boll rot and hard lock. We have been having lots of wet rainy conditions during boll opening and it’s not good.

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We had a good sunny day today that was good for cotton and peanuts that are awaiting harvest.

I sent a text to Wes Briggs, local consultant and this was his response.

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We have not yet defoliated a lot of cotton but we will spray some pretty good acreage next week. Here’s some below that I was checking today that had good mature bolls to the top so they will “knock the leaves off” soon.  There’s some very good defoliation advice in the UGA Cotton Production Guide on page 65 at this link



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There have been a few dryland fields sprayed and picked this week. The yields have been low due top the dry conditions this summer.



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Question of the Week – Lightning

Posted by romeethredge on September 19, 2014

Yes, the pine trees got struck by lightning and the bark and cambium busted as the lightning ran to the ground. They will likely die in the near future.  These were at the edge of an open field. That’s why we shouldn’t take shelter under trees during a thunderstorm, especially when they are the tallest thing around.



I heard of a tractor that was struck as it sat under a barn in the same storm. It had a disk harrow attached that was down into the ground behind it, grounding it. The farmer came by the next day and noticed the tractor lights were on and when he checked, the light switch was off. Then he noticed that it wouldn’t crank and lightning did a lot of damage to the electrical circuits.

Would the lightning have affected it as badly if it were just sitting on its rubber tires with no implement in the dirt?

This week I have a question about these peanuts. Why are they so dark and can you tell what variety they are?


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Posted in Horticulture, Peanuts | Tagged: | Leave a Comment »

Rain at the right time ?

Posted by romeethredge on September 19, 2014

We never seem to be happy about when the rain comes, and it rains on the just and the unjust, the Bible says.

Many folks are saying that we didn’t get rain at the right time this year for many purposes. We are now getting rain when we need it to be drier for cotton opening and peanut harvest. We didn’t get much during the hot summer when it would have helped crop growth. We got too much during the spring and that kept it too wet to prepare for planting and to plant timely in some cases.

Last year (2013), we got lots during crop growth and we made good peanuts in most cases but corn and cotton were off in irrigated fields.

We are never more than 3 days from an agricultural drought on sandy soils so that makes things tough and dryland crops had a difficult summer in most areas.

I was looking at the rain records in Donalsonville and wanted to point out some interesting things. Talk about one extreme following another!


This first chart shows the rainfall from May 1 to Sept 1, that’s 4 months or about 120 days. During that time this year we got 10 inches of rain, when the norm is twice that. Remember last year? We got 4 times the norm during those months.

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Now, let’s look at the past couple of weeks. September 2 through September 17, that’s 16 days or half a month and we got about the same rainfall during that time as the previous 4 months. It’s good for the groundwater, maybe good for Apalachicola Oysters downriver, but not good for opening cotton, and not good for peanut harvest. No use in fussin’ about it but this is just an example of how the farmer is at the mercy of the weather.


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Tifton – Cotton Inc Crop Management Seminar

Posted by romeethredge on September 16, 2014

Cotton Incorporated invites you to attend the upcoming 2014 Crop Management Seminar. It will be held November 12-13, 2014 at the University of Georgia’s Tifton Campus Conference Center in Tifton, GA.

Today’s cotton grower faces many challenges to produce a cotton crop. Topping the list are an evolving pest complex and crop landscape, new and evolving technology, and shifting environmental and economic conditions. The seminar will provide an opportunity for cotton growers, crop consultants, researchers and extension agents working on solutions to discuss the events of the current growing season, exchange ideas, share information, and learn about new technologies on the horizon.

Audience participation is important to the success of this seminar.So, please come prepared to voice your opinions, ask questions, and join in the discussions.

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 The link below contains all the information you need to make your plans (a draft agenda, hotel information, registration, etc.). There is no registration fee; however space is limited so register early.

 Be an Early Bird Registrant and Receive a Gourmet Gift!

 The first 100 people to register via our website will be rewarded with a 3-bottle Gift Box Set of gourmet flavored cottonseed oils!

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Base Reallocation

Posted by romeethredge on September 15, 2014

2014 Farm Bill Update:  Acreage History for Base Reallocation

Nathan Smith and Don Shurley
Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics
University of Georgia

Under the 2014 Farm Bill, landowners will have a 1-time opportunity to reallocate bases and update payment yields of “covered commodities” on a farm.  This includes all major row crops in Georgia, excluding cotton.

The Farm Service Agency (FSA) sent out letters to farmers and landowners on July 28 notifying them of their planted and considered planted acreage history from 2008 to 2012.  The Summary Acreage History Report show’s a farm’s base acres, counter-cyclical yields, and 2008-2012 planted, prevented, double-crop, and subsequent acres (acres planted after failed or prevented). This FSA acreage history for a farm is important and will be the basis for making base reallocation decisions.  Farm owners or operators need to cross check with farm records that the planted and considered planted acreage recorded by FSA is correct.  If the information is correct no further action is needed at this time, but if any information appears to be incomplete or incorrect, contact your local FSA office before September 26.  For example, planted acreage on a tract in a particular year may not have been reported or possibly miscoded resulting in missing or fewer acres than were actually planted and prevented planted to a crop.

The letter states that there is a 60 day deadline for reviewing the planting history.  This is NOT a 60-day deadline for making the base reallocation/update decision.  Within the 60-day period, farmers and landowners must only review the planted acreage history (found on the back of the letter) for accuracy.  If there is any discrepancy or question about the acreage history, contact the local FSA office before the deadline by phone or in person to let them know you want to review the acreage history.

Landowners will have a 1-time opportunity to update payment yields (to be used for PLC payment if PLC is elected).  The updated yield, if elected, would be 90% of the Olympic Average yield for 2008-2012 for the crop on the farm.  It is expected that the opportunity for both base reallocation and yield update will be announced by FSA within the next several weeks with a likely decision deadline by the end of December.  The deadline could be sooner or later, this is only a guess.

Price Loss Coverage (PLC) or Agriculture Risk Coverage (ARC) Program signup (a 1-time election by the producer for PLC or ARC by crop on a farm) is expected to occur in late 2014 or early 2015 with a likely end of February decision deadline.   All operators on a farm have to agree on program election.

Cotton producers may choose between STAX or SCO for cotton for the 2015 crop through a crop insurance agent.  Participation in the STAX or SCO program is optional and the decision is made on a year-to-year basis.  It is expected that the signup for STAX or SCO will have to be made by the normal sales closing date which is February 28.

Posted in Agriculture, Cotton, Economics | Leave a Comment »

Question of the Week – Florida Beggar-weed

Posted by romeethredge on September 13, 2014

Last week I had a photo of an attractive lavender flower on a plant and they aren’t often noticed as they are small and they are on a weed pest called Florida Beggar-weed (Desmodium tortuosum). It’s in the fabacea or pea family.  Florida beggarweed is a pest in peanut fields but we have been controlling it pretty well.

Called Beggarweed because the seed seen in this photo will “beg” a ride if they touch you they stick to most things, and ride somewhere else to grow in another area.

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This week I have a photo of some pine trees I noticed next to a soybean field. What’s wrong with these trees and what is their future?

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Posted in Weeds | Tagged: | 3 Comments »

Peanut Harvest

Posted by romeethredge on September 13, 2014

Peanut harvest is beginning very slowly this year. A few end rows and a few fields have been dug but very few so far. But that’s a good thing as farmers are waiting until the peak of maturity so they will get the best weight and grade from their peanuts. This also makes for the tastiest nuts and peanut butter.

Early peanuts were taking more days to mature but now we are seeing a slight speeding up of maturity on peanuts planted a little later, in some cases. There is a lot of variation in maturity so every field needs to be maturity tested so we get it as close to right as we can. Of course there are many factors to consider when planning to dig peanuts such as: age of the peanuts , vine strength, stem strength, variety, weather, manpower, equipment, soil moisture, maturity test results, and the list goes on.

Here’s a field of irrigated Ga O6G peanuts that were dug this week. You can tell it was a little wet when they were dug but they look good.

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Dryland Peanut Digging Decisions Tough

Posted by romeethredge on September 13, 2014

Growers are having to make some hard decisions concerning digging dryland peanuts.

 Dr. Scott Montfort, UGA Peanut Scientist makes this recommendation. “Growers need to go out and evaluate all of their fields that are 90 DAP or older. We are seeing a large variation of peanuts on the vine.   Several fields have shut down around 105 DAP and are now coming loose in the hull.”

Some dryland fields are going to make very little in poundage whereas some will make some peanuts. It just all depends on where and when the rains came.


Here’s a photo of some severely drought affected peanuts in the Nine Hole Road area of Seminole county where it just hasn’t rained until last week. One grower near there got 5 inches last Tuesday and he said it was more rain on that one day than they had received all summer.

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Posted in Agriculture, Peanuts | Tagged: | Leave a Comment »

Cotton Meeting

Posted by romeethredge on September 13, 2014

Seminole Young Farmers and Seminole Extension will hold a joint educational program on Monday Sept 15 at 7:30 pm at the Ag Center on Town and Country Road in Donalsonville.

Dr. Guy Collins, UGA Crop Scientist will update us concerning Cotton production, Defoliation and Harvest.


Posted in Cotton | Tagged: | Leave a Comment »


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