Seminole Crop E News

Agricultural News for Farmers and Agribusiness in SW Georgia

Tomato Forum – Quincy, Fla – Dec. 4, 2014

Posted by romeethredge on November 25, 2014

The Tomato Forum is coming up soon.

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Posted in Horticulture, vegetables | Tagged: , | Leave a Comment »

Question of the Week – Black Tupelo aka Black gum

Posted by romeethredge on November 25, 2014

Last week’s question was about identifying seeds left by the hundreds around grain bins by birds. We were trying to identify them. They are Black Tupelo aka Black gum (Nyssa sylvatica) pits or seeds.

Good honey is made from the blooms, as well as the birds feed on the fruit and carry it and spread the pits everywhere.

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This week’s question is about this nut.

What is it from?

 

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Posted in Agriculture, Horticulture, Wildlife | Tagged: | 1 Comment »

Pecans – 2014 Crop

Posted by romeethredge on November 25, 2014

Dr. Lenny Wells, UGA Scientist, gives us a harvest update.

“Early estimates placed the 2014 Georgia Pecan crop at 80-90 million lbs. But,  as pecan producers have been gathering their crop, it has been obvious that the lbs making it into the wagons are not what they appeared to be on the tree. Current estimates have fallen to 70 million lbs or less. The rain we’re experiencing this week provides an opportunity to slow down a bit and take a look at some data to help explain the issues we see with this year’s crop. Nut size is obviously off and I won’t go as deeply into that issue since I covered nut size in my last post but nut size does play an obvious role in the reduced weight being accumulated. All the reasons I mentioned before— cool temps during nut sizing, drought, and lack of sunlight—played a part in the smaller nut size; however, pollination is also an important factor to consider whenever pecan quality is affected. In addition to small nut size, we see a significant percentage of “pops” or nuts that failed to develop kernel in this crop, which is almost a sure sign of poor pollination.

So, lets look at pollination conditions during spring of 2014. The first thing to consider here is that the crop was abnormally late. This dates back to the late bud-break we saw in the spring, a result of cool spring temperatures. Darrell Spark’s model shows that March temperatures have a strong influence on the date of budbreak, while April temperatures influence the rate of shoot growth and flower development.

From 1912-2003, maximum temperatures in Tifton during March and April average 69 and 77 degrees F respectively. For 2014, these temperatures were 65.7 and 74.7. This may not seem like much, but 3 degrees can make a big difference to a plant. By comparison, maximum March and April temperatures for 2012, a year with early crop maturity were 77 and 79 degrees, respectively. In addition, spring 2014 was wet in South Georgia. Average April rainfall for Tifton is 3.81″ from 1912-2003. We had 8.72″ in April 2014. Such cool, wet conditions are a perfect recipe for poor pollination.

UGA pecan breeder, Dr. Patrick Conner collects pollen shed and pistil receptivity data each year for the many varieties growing at the UGA Ponder Farm. He shared with me these numbers for Desirable and Stuart, which you can see below: (Click on image to enlarge)

Pollination Dates

As you can see, Desirable and Stuart normally match up very well with each other. The pollen shed period for one normally covers most or all of the other’s pistil receptivity . However, in 2014  Stuart pollen shed only caught the last 3 days of Desirable pistil receptivity, while Desirable pollen only covered the first 2 or 3 days of Stuart receptivity. While this simply serves as one pollination example in one location, you can see that its very likely pollination was off this year. Pollen shed matched up poorly with pistil receptivity and its likely that the days they did match up, poor weather conditions limited the ability of the pollen to disperse properly. These factors likely played a large role in the issues we see with the size and volume of the 2014 pecan crop.”

Posted in Horticulture, Pecans | Tagged: | Leave a Comment »

Farm Bill – Bainbridge, Ga – Dec 15, 4pm to 6:30pm

Posted by romeethredge on November 25, 2014

UGA Extension, in cooperation with USDA-FSA and USDA-RMA, will conduct a series of 10 regional farm bill education meetings.  These meetings will be held December 12-19.  A flyer with information promoting these meetings is below.

Our closest one will be in Bainbridge on Dec 15 from 4 to 6:30 pm. Please call us to register for this meeting. 229-524-2326 Seminole or 229-248-3033 Decatur. 

 

The purpose of these meetings is to provide information and analysis that will help owners and producers make decisions.  The focus will be on understanding the decisions to be made and decision-making.  

 

Attendees are asked to contact their local Extension office if they plan to attend.  

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Posted in Economics | Tagged: | Leave a Comment »

UGA Corn Performance Tests – 2014

Posted by romeethredge on November 25, 2014

Fullscreen capture 11252014 14614 PMThe Georgia 2014 Corn Performance Tests report (annual publication 101-6) is now available on the UGA Variety Testing web site:   http://www.swvt.uga.edu/

Here’s a couple of summary yield pages from it.

 

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Posted in Corn | Tagged: | Leave a Comment »

Cotton in the short rows

Posted by romeethredge on November 25, 2014

Many folks are very Thankful this week for many reasons. One of them is that we are getting close to being through with harvest. Several folks are done with cotton and ultra late soybean harvest. More are almost through.

Judson Hornsby and his daughter Allee of Double H Farms are thankful and proud to stand by one of the last round modules the farm will pack this year.  Judson says they got all the irrigated cotton picked and only have one dryland field left. I talked to several growers that were finishing up picking cotton last week ahead of the rain.  We have had good harvest weather this year and the gin yards are full of seed cotton waiting to be ginned._DSC9803-001

Yields have been variable on cotton but mostly good. We had 2 weeks in early September which rotted cotton and caused a lot of cotton bolls to not open properly. Cotton that wasn’t opening during this time frame and had enough rainfall  did well.  Gin turn out has been very high this year. (Turnout is the percent fiber that you have when the cotton is ginned.)

 

Here’s Miller County Agent Brock Ward as he and I were admiring some good cotton before the rains.

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Out, standing in the field?

Posted by romeethredge on November 25, 2014

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I was recently honored to be awarded the state “Outstanding County Coordinator” award at the Georgia Association of County agricultural agents Annual meeting and professional improvement conference in Statesboro, Ga.

I’m here with District Ag Program development Coordinator, Scott Utley.  And on the right is my boss, District Director over 41 counties, Dr. Laura Perry Johnson. I appreciate them surprising me with this award.

We just found out that Dr. Johnson has been chosen to lead this UGA Extension organization and we will miss her in this corner of the state but I know she will lead us well, statewide. Here’s an article about that, Johnson to head UGA Extension.

 

Posted in Agriculture | 1 Comment »

Cotton Marketing News 11-24-14

Posted by romeethredge on November 25, 2014

Here’s a very informative Cotton Marketing News by Dr. Don Shurley, UGA Ag Economist.

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Posted in Cotton, Entomology | Tagged: , | 2 Comments »

Cotton for 2015?

Posted by romeethredge on November 25, 2014

We are getting more questions about cotton prices for the 2015 crop.

Dr. Don Shurley, UGA Ag Economist says, “Prices will improve when stocks and supply and demand get in closer balance. This requires a reduction in acreage and production due to low prices and/or improved demand also due to low prices.

Prices will not stay at these levels very long—because the supply side will retract and this, assuming demand remains solid or improves, should eventually pull prices back up.

Will we see 80-cent cotton for 2015? Not likely. Will prices stay in the low 60’s? Not likely. If I were a cotton grower, I’d be looking at 70 cents. Is that profitable? No. But, it’s 10% better than where we are now and hopefully we’ll do a bit better.”

Here’s a link to the full update.

Cotton Marketing News 11-24-14

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Posted in Cotton | Tagged: | Leave a Comment »

Grass Carp – Good time to put them in ponds

Posted by romeethredge on November 21, 2014

Dr. Gary Burtle, UGA aquaculture scientist, says that, “Now is a great time to stock grass carp.  They are cool water fish and will eat weeds during the Georgia winter.  Then when weed growth begins in late February, they will be present to eat new growth.”

If you have pond weeds, a good way to help control them is to stock Grass Carp in your pond. They don’t like all weeds but they do a pretty good job on a lot of weeds.

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Here’s a link to a good UGA publication concerning Grass Carp.

Here are some slides and photos provided by Dr. Burtle.

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These carp weigh  about one pound and are what we mainly want to go with when putting them into a pond that already has fish in it. If we put small fish in then they will often be eaten by bass in the pond.

 

Grass carp in tank 1

Photo: Gary Burtle

One pound grass carp 1

Photo: Gary Burtle

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Posted in Agriculture, Water, Weeds | Tagged: , | Leave a Comment »

 
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