Seminole Crop E News

Agricultural News for Farmers and Agribusiness in SW Georgia

Archive for the ‘Livestock’ Category

Stockmanship

Posted by romeethredge on August 21, 2014

I like this article by Dr. Lee Jones,UGA Vet, in the Southeast Cattle Advisor blog. Here’s the link to the blog with the full article.  http://www.secattleadvisor.com/

Stockmanship, Dr. Lee Jones, UGA College of Veterinary Medicine | Southeast Cattle Advisor

“Stockmanship, like sustainability, is a commonly used word that many might find hard to clearly define in a few words. Stockmanship has been defined as the knowledgeable and skillful handling of livestock in a safe, efficient, effective, and low-stress manner and denotes a low-stress, integrated, comprehensive, holistic approach to livestock handling (Stockmanship Journal). However, stockmanship is more than just handling. It is concerned with the whole life of the animal in our care. We used to call it animal husbandry or stewardship. First and foremost, stockmanship is livestock centered. By that I mean, we must consider the natural behavior and needs of the animal or group. There are 3 essential elements of good stockmanship: an environment that provides protection and comfort appropriate for the species; adequate, well designed facilities that enables low stress handling; and a comprehensive, herd health management program……….

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Stockmanship and Resources

The good stockman knows his/her resources and is a good business manager. Bud Williams was fond of telling folks that “ranchers have 3 things in their inventory: money, grass and animals. You can never have too much money or too much grass but you sure can have too many animals.” It’s beyond the scope of this article to go into a lot of detail but good stockmen manage grass and soils and let the cows harvest the grass. To some degree herds on understocked pastures can increase production (calf weaning weights) to make up the difference but herds on overstocked pastures not only don’t reach their full potential the overall herd production is severely diminished, soils become depleted or degraded, future pasture health is compromised and cow herd fertility suffers as well as calf weights and calf health. Calves from overgrazed pastures are more likely to experience health problems after weaning. Good stockmanship means knowing what the carrying capacity is of the pastures and stocking appropriately.

Principles of Cattle Handling

Slower is better. Obviously this has its limits but for the most part slower is better and faster than getting in big hurry. Pressure from the side and only when cattle see where to go. When cattle are pressured from the rear they are likely to turn around to face the pressure. Cattle want to see you. Once cows can see the opening and are facing that direction then we can push them in that direction from their side behind the point of their shoulder. Cattle must be comfortable to go by you and stay straight. Cattle naturally face any threat. If cattle feel threatened by you they won’t walk straight or go by you. When working cattle in an alley, going with the flow slows them down and going against the flow speeds them up. This seems counter intuitive at first but it works. Try it and see. Cattle can only process one thing at a time. Many folks like to talk to their cattle. If cattle are used to this then it probably won’t cause problems. However, multiple stimuli including sight, sound and touch creates confusion for cattle and thereby increases stress and the flight response. Cows work best when they are ready; it’s up to us to get them there.

Simply put, I think good stockmen are students of their cattle. Good stockmanship is like a timely rain, sunshine and hybrid vigor; it doesn’t cost anything extra but the benefits to cattle health, welfare and performance are tremendous.”

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Pasture Caterpillars

Posted by romeethredge on July 29, 2014

Foliage eating caterpillars have been serious in pastures and hayfields for a while now and maybe worse the last week or so.  I looked at 2 Tift 85 Bermudagrass fields today that are infested with fall armyworms. They feed very quickly, often with in a few days they can leave stems, no leaves.

Often white cattle egrets are seen in  problem fields, eating on the worms. Unfortunately they don’t eat enough to control them.

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Beef Cattle Conference Coming up

Posted by romeethredge on May 29, 2014

This is the link for more information about this conference.

 http://www.ag.auburn.edu/ansc/events/BeefCattleConference/2014AUBCC.php

 

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Poultry Judging Team Does Well

Posted by romeethredge on May 1, 2014

Seminole County 4H Poultry Judging team has done well again this year in regional and state contests. We have no real commercial poultry….well we do raise some backyard birds and we have some quail we raise, I suppose. I would say we have more alligators than poultry in our county. But we all eat chicken and eggs and we enjoy learning about poultry and eggs. We do grow lots and lots of field corn here to feed these hungry birds.

Our Senior (9th through 12th grade)team placed 3rd in the regional contest in the highest scoring region in the state.

Our top 4 scorers advanced to the State Competition up near Athens, where they didn’t do as well, but we were thankful to be there.

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Tifton HERD Sale

Posted by romeethredge on April 18, 2014

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The Tifton HERD Sale is scheduled for Tuesday, April 22, 2014, at 12:30 p.m.  To view the catalog and sale order now, simply click on the following:  

http://www.caes.uga.edu/commodities/animals/beef/herd/index.html

 Scroll down to Tifton HERD Program.   Click on Catalog (pdf).  Click on Sale Order for 4/22/14 (pdf).

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Cattle Prices High

Posted by romeethredge on March 8, 2014

   I went by Seminole Stockyard this past Wednesday, Sale Day, and things were really hopping as they usually are.  Edwina and Wanda were in the back totaling things up, talking to customers and answering phones. Mr. Bryant was all around the sale area, touting the attributes of the cattle coming into the ring. The auctioneer and clerk were busy with the auction calling out the bids, keeping things straight.

There was something different though…the prices cattle are bringing. They are very high, and they were high last week too. And UGA economists say that they will be high for a while. I saw lots of steers and heifers sell for  a dollar and a half and a dollar seventy five a pound. That’s good money, if you are selling and you would say… expensive cattle if you are buying replacement heifers for your farm, for instance.

At the bottom of this post I have a link to the Georgia auction prices that you can go to, to get a good rundown on prices here in Donalsonville and  across Georgia.

 

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Here’s a cattle update submitted by UGA writer  Clint Thompson.

Georgia cattlemen are struggling to feed their herds and fighting the affects of poor quality forages. With calf prices at a high, selling off stock may be the best option, says one University of Georgia expert.

“For cattlemen that are in the situation where they’re having trouble feeding their cows and the calves are big enough to sell, that’s probably a real smart move for them to go ahead and move those calves right now,” said UGA Extension livestock economist Curt Lacy.

Calf prices are extremely high, with 300-400 pound steer calves fetching $2 to $2.25 per pound or around $700 per head. Calves weighing 500 pounds are selling between $1.50 to $1.70 per pound or around $800.

Cattle prices are highly tempting for cattlemen due to an extreme short supply, which has been declining for the last six years. Several factors have contributed to the smaller number of cattle, including drought and high commodity prices for other commodities.

Cattlemen are also taking land out of pasture production and putting it into other crops, so fewer small calves are available to be bought. Lacy said the supply is the lowest since 1951.

Another supporting factor to the cattle market is low corn prices, which are hovering in the $4 to $4.50 range, considerably less than last year’s $6 mark.

By selling their calves early, cattlemen accomplish two goals: They get money in their pocket and relieve the nutritional burden from the cow.

With their calves sold, cows do not have to worry about producing enough milk to feed a calf and can focus on maintaining their own body weight and getting in good physical shape for the upcoming breeding season.

While selling early is a viable option, Lacy cautions against acting too hastily.

“If they want to sell now, they can. Nobody would fault them for going ahead and selling some of those calves now,” Lacy said. “If cows are in good condition, though, they may want to just keep them on the cow and sell them when they normally would sell them.”

Due to the short supply and high demand for cattle beef, Lacy believes cattle prices will be high for the next several years.

Georgia Cattle Auctions Report website

http://marketnews.usda.gov/portal/lg;jsessionid=DPFSH3IGHW5WKCQKAFOSFEQ?paf_dm=full&paf_gear_id=4300008&startIndex=1&dr=1&rowDisplayMax=25&commodity=CATTLE&sub_commodity=FEEDER+REPLACEMENT&sub_commodity2=AUCTION&publication=any&state=Georgia

Posted in Agriculture, Cattle, Forages, Livestock | Leave a Comment »

Market Hog Show a Success

Posted by romeethredge on February 18, 2014

This past Saturday we had the 2014 Seminole Chamber Hog Show with 53 FFA and 4-H Exhibitors showing 76 market hogs. It’s a good project for young people and our community supports it well. Thanks to the Hog show committee who put a lot of work into this event.

Here are the K through 5th graders. then the 6th through 8th graders and in the third photo are the high schoolers.

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Here’s Kyle Temples who won the Sportsmanship Award.

 

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Chamber President Brenda Broome awards Jesse Ethredge the Fennell Memorial Chamber Scholarship.

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Katie Cofty had the Grand Champion Barrow which was also named the Supreme Champion of the Show.

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Poor Forages Causing Problems

Posted by romeethredge on February 7, 2014

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Posted in Forages, Livestock | Tagged: , | Leave a Comment »

Florida Beef Conference

Posted by romeethredge on January 14, 2014

It looks like a good Beef Conference coming up in Marianna soon. Log onto their blog at this link for more information on this and other topics.

http://nwdistrict.ifas.ufl.edu/phag/2014/01/11/northwest-florida-beef-conference-february-12/

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Market Hog 4-H and FFA Project

Posted by romeethredge on November 22, 2013

The Market Hog Youth 4-H and FFA project is a good one that teaches a lot to the youth that participate in it.

Will Mims won first place in the 2013 Seminole County Chamber of Commerce Market Hog Recordbook Contest. He does an excellent job with the swine project.

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The Mims have used gilts that Will and his sister Katibeth have shown in the past to breed and have new showpigs there on the farm. So it’s an all year project for the Mims kids. They also help other young people with their show pigs on their farm.

He and his family also grow most of the corn used in their hog feed that they formulate and grind themselves.

Other winners in the recordbook contest are Jesse Ethredge, second place and Brooke Hornsby, third place.

 

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Here are some of this year’s new pigs that will be shown in our February 15th Seminole County Chamber of Commerce Market Hog show and the State Market Hog Show in Perry Georgia. Weigh-in will be this Monday from 2 to 5 pm on Nov. 25th at the Seminole County Ag Center.

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