Seminole Crop E News

Agricultural News for Farmers and Agribusiness in SW Georgia

Archive for December, 2011


Posted by romeethredge on December 22, 2011


Poinsettias are often displayed at Christmas. Here’s some in First Baptist of Donalsonville. The event taking place is the recent Seminole County Concert Band Christmas Concert.

More than 70,000 poinsettias (Euphorbia pulcherrima) are sold each year making this the most popular flowering plant in the United States.

The poinsettia is a native of Mexico.  It was named for Joel Roberts Poinsett, U.S. ambassador to Mexico, who introduced it to the states in 1828.

With care, you can brighten your home with the colorful bracts (the true flowers are tiny and yellow) through the holiday season.

Choosing Plants: Large bracts, Dark green foliage,   Compact plant that doesn’t look leggy

Getting Your Poinsettias Home:

Remember, this is a greenhouse grown plant and it is very sensitive to temperature changes.  Cover with plastic, newspaper or a bag.  Keep it in the car with you and the heater -not in the trunk.

When You Get Home:

 Bright, indirect light. Cool conditions with medium to high humidity. Keep away from doors and drafts where they may get gusts of cold air. Keep away from windows that can cause temperature changes and chills. Keep away from heating vents and fireplaces. Check daily and water whenever the soil is dry. Do not let the plant wilt, but do not water if the soil is wet. Water with room-temperature water. Water thoroughly until the water drains out, and then empty the catch tray. Do not allow the pot to sit in standing water. For foil-wrapped pots, make a hole in the bottom of the foil to allow water to drain into a catch tray.

Reflowering for Next Year:

It is probably easier to discard your poinsettias when the bloom fades than to attempt to keep your plant for next year. However, many folks will want the challenge so here are some helpful hints.

 Follow the directions above until all danger of frost is past.  Cut the stems to within 4 to 6 inches of the soil. Move the plant to a container that is 2 to 4 inches larger than the original pot. Move your plant outdoors to a bright,partially-shaded area or area that gets morning sun and afternoon shade. The location should be protected from drying winds and high reflected light. Sink the pot to the rim. Water often but reasonably. Avoid extremes of wet or dry.  Fertilize with a complete houseplant fertilizer (20-20-20) according to directions. Shape as desired by pruning and/or pinching. Pinching encourages more blooms. Do not shape after Sept. 1. Turn the pot regularly to prevent rooting and ensure even growth. A quarter turn each week is desirable, but the plant will do fine with less.  When night temperatures begin to fall below 60 degrees, bring your plant inside. Continue to water and fertilize.

 Beginning October 1, give the poinsettia 14 hours of complete continuous darkness daily. This can be done by placing the plant in a closet or covering it with a cardboard box. Any light will delay or prevent flowering. Give your plant bright light for the remaining 10 hours. When your poinsettia is in full bloom, you can discontinue the forced darkness and proceed with the maintenance instructions above.

Good luck and I hope you enjoy your beautiful poinsettia and have a Merry Christmas.

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2012 Seminole County Crop Production Meetings

Posted by romeethredge on December 22, 2011

Seminole County Crop Production Meetings Coming up:

January 17, 2012 @ 11 am — Peanut Production Meeting: Ag Center, Town and Country Road,  Donalsonville, GA

John Beasley, UGA Extension Peanut Scientist

Nathan Smith, UGA Extension Ag Economist

Bob Kemerait, UGA Extension Plant Pathologist

January 25, 2012@ 11 am — Corn Production Meeting: Donalsonville Lions Hall, Wiley Ave., Donalsonville, GA

Dewey Lee, UGA Extension Grains Scientist

Eric Prostko, UGA Extension Weed Scientist

Rome Ethredge CEC Seminole County Extension

February 20, 2012 @ 11 am — Cotton Production Meeting: Donalsonville Lions Hall, Wiley Ave., Donalsonville, GA

Guy Collins, UGA Extension Cotton Crop Scientist

Stanley Culpepper, UGA Extension Weed Scientist

Phillip Roberts, UGA Extension Entomologist

2 hours  Pesticide Credit for Private or Commercial  at each meeting

Please call 229-524-2326 to let us know if you will attend so we can prepare for the meal.

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Question of the Week – Moss

Posted by romeethredge on December 22, 2011

The answer to last week’s question is Moss.  Mosses are branched, threadlike green plants that form a tangled, thick mat over the soil.  They are spread by wind-blown spores and can form crusts on the soil surface that reduce air and water movement into the soil.

Factors that favor moss and algae development include wet, humid conditions and compacted soils with thin turf. Moss is more common in shady areas with infertile, acidic soils and excessive thatch; algae is more common in full sun conditions and fertile soils.

Here’s a link to a UGA Extension Publication concerning moss control in Turfgrass.


This week I want to ask about these symptoms on small trees. A farmer showed me this this week next to an old corn field.


Posted in Uncategorized, Weeds, Wildlife | Tagged: , | Leave a Comment »

Cooking with Peanuts

Posted by romeethredge on December 21, 2011

The peanut is actually not a nut at all. It’s a legume. Perhaps that’s why boiling peanuts (in the shell, in salt water), a cooking method typical of other beans, is such a popular thing to do with peanuts  in the South. Americans eat over 1 million  pounds of roasted peanuts every day.

About 50 percent of peanuts grown are used to make peanut butter.

One acre of peanuts will make 30,000 peanut butter sandwiches, while Americans eat enough peanut butter (2.4 million pounds) in a year to make more than 10 billion peanut butter and jelly sandwiches.

Peanut butter is convenient, affordable (about 12 cents per serving)  and nutritious. Peanuts and peanut butter are high in protein and  fiber and contain 13 essential vitamins and minerals. And they’re  naturally cholesterol-free and low in saturated fat.

Approximately one-half of one percent of the American population has an  allergy to peanuts. The number of cases has increased significantly over the past couple of years. Researchers are working on new ways to lessen the severity of peanut allergies.

Peanut butter is often thought of as children’s food, but adults  actually eat more of it than children. It is found in 89 percent of American homes. While November is peanut butter lovers’ month, March is national peanut month.

Holiday cooking with peanuts is a great thing.  Peanuts are good for you in many ways.  Here’s a good microwave peanut brittle recipe and a link to the Georgia Peanut Commission website that has several good peanut recipies including Peanut Marble Fudge and Peanut Butter Pie.

Dixie Peanut Brittle

Microwave oven method:

 1 ½ cups raw shelled peanuts, skins on

 1 cup granulated sugar

 ½ cup light corn syrup

 1/8 teaspoon salt

1 teaspoon butter

1 teaspoon vanilla extract

 1 teaspoon baking soda

Combine peanuts, sugar, syrup, and salt in a 1 ½ quart microwave safe container. Cook 8 minutes on high, stirring well after4 minutes. Stir in butter and vanilla. Microwave 2 minutes* longer on high. Add baking soda and quickly stir until light and foamy. Immediately pour onto lightly greased baking sheet; spread to ¼ – inch thickness. When cool break into pieces. Store in airtight container.

Yields about 1 pound.

• Cooking time may vary with ovens.

No Bake Peanut Butter Pie


 4 ounces cream cheese

 1 cup confectioners’ sugar,

sifted 1 cup crunchy peanut butter

1/2 cup milk 8 ounces frozen whipped topping,

thawed 1 deep-dish chocolate flavored crust

Instructions :

In a large mixer bowl combine cream cheese and confectioners’ sugar; mix well. Add peanut butter and mix. Slowly add milk and mix well. Fold in whipped topping. Pour into pie shell and cover. Freeze for at least 30 minutes. Drizzle each serving with chocolate syrup.

Seminole County 4H’er Payton Bishop recently competed in the “Milk Make” contest with his milkshake. He calls it “Payton’s Peanut Butter Shake”. Here’s his “not so secret anymore” recipe.

Combine 1 and a half cups of vanilla Ice cream and 12 miniature peanut butter cups and a quarter cup 2% Milk, and 2 tablespoons of creamy peanut butter in a blender. Cover and process for 1 to 2  minutes or until well blended. Pour into chilled glasses.

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UGA Cotton Production Workshop Feb 1, 2012

Posted by romeethredge on December 21, 2011

Georgia Cotton Commission’s 5th Annual Meeting and UGA Cotton Production Workshop  


Perry, GA — The Georgia Cotton Commission encourages cotton producers to plan to attend  their 5th annual meeting and the UGA Cotton Production Workshop on February 1, 2012, in Tifton

Registration is FREE.  Please pre-register online until January 18, 2012,

at  or call 229.386.3416.  Your early registration will help us plan the sponsored breakfast, breaks and lunch. 

Annual meeting questions may be directed to: Richey Seaton ( or Karen Nikitopoulos ( at the Georgia Cotton Commission office (phone) 478.988.4235.

See details on our website:



UGA Cotton Production Workshop

SPONSORS:  University of Georgia s Georgia Cotton Commission

7:30 a.m. – 8:00 a.m.               Registration

8 – 8:50 a.m.                           Econ & Mktg; Weed Mgmt; IPM;                Cotton                                                         Varieties for 2012

9 – 9:50 a.m.                           Engineering; Plant Path; Agronomics/Variety Performance & PGR Mgmt; Soil Fertility


Georgia Cotton Commission’s 5th Annual Meeting

SPONSORS:  Albany Tractor Co. s Americot s AMVAC s Bayer CropScience s Boston Tractor Co.  CASE IH s  Cotton Growers Cooperative s Crop Production Services s Lasseter Equipment Group  Monsanto s  Phytogen s Southeast AgNet  s  Staplcotn  s  Valent

10:00 a.m. – 10:30 a.m.           Welcome, Recognition of Sponsors, Commission Report

10:30 a.m. – 10:45 a.m.           Mike Tate, President, Southern Cotton Growers

10:45 a.m. – 11:00 a.m.           Bill Gillon, CEO, Cotton Board

11:00 a.m. – 11:30 a.m.           Mike Watson, Vice President Fiber Quality Research, Cotton Incorporated

                                                Keeping US Cotton Competitive in World Markets

11:30 a.m. – 12:15 p.m.          John Maguire, Sr. Director of Governmental Relations, National Cotton Council “Washington Report”

12:30 p.m. – 1:30 p.m.            Lunch and sponsor recognitions; producer drawing(s)

  1:30 p.m. – 2:30 p.m.            Georgia Quality Cotton Awards


UGA Cotton Production Workshop

  2:30 p.m. – 4:30 p.m.                        A repeat of the morning sessions

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Question of the Week – 31st Parallel

Posted by romeethredge on December 16, 2011

The photo on the Chattahooochee River is at the 31st Parallel and it’s on the west side of the river. So, since the river is all in Georgia then at that point 3 states come together.  It’s the beginning point of the Tri-States area. Also the 31st parallel was the bottom of the United States in Alabama when the Spain owned areas south of there. In Georgia the boundary came on down to the confluence of the Flint and Chattahoochee rivers, now under Lake Seminole. In Alabama there were mounds built every mile to mark the boundary.

Here’s an excerpt from an article on the website…  “Ellicott’s Line” on the Chattahoochee River. A treaty in 1795 between the new nation of America and Spain established the 31st Parallel of Latitude as the boundary line between the two countries. The problem was, no one knew exactly where the 31st Parallel was located. A Boundary Commission composed of representatives from Spain and the U.S. was established to locate and mark this boundary line. President George Washington appointed Major Andrew Ellicott as chief surveyor for the U.S. The Boundary Commission ran the line from the Mississippi River to the Chattahoochee River and on to the Atlantic Ocean. As they progressed along the boundary they marked every mile with a small mound. The distance between the Mississippi and Chattahoochee Rivers was 381 miles, consequently the Commission erected 381 of these boundary markers. In the 1990s a small group of historians and surveyors proceeded down the Chattahoochee River with handheld GPS units. When they arrived at the 31st Parallel they begin walking West in a remote wooded setting being careful to stay on the 31st Parallel. Lo and behold, after walking only a few dozen yards from the river they came upon a small mound situated exactly on the 31st parallel. Since its discovery professionals have excavated sufficiently around the base of this mound to confirm it is indeed Ellicott’s Mound Number 381 that was erected in 1799. “

This week’s question is about this photo.  What is this that was brought in for me to identify?

Posted in Water, Wildlife | 3 Comments »

La Nina

Posted by romeethredge on December 16, 2011

The weather outlook is for slightly less rain than normal and higher temperatures for the next 3 months.  Here’s a photo of irrigation running today on some small grains for cattle grazing.

Here’s some info from the National Weather Service.

La Niña is expected to continue through the Northern Hemisphere winter 2011-12.

During December 2011 – February 2012, there is an increased chance of above-average temperatures across the south-central and southeastern U.S. below-average temperatures over the western and north-central U.S.  Also, above-average precipitation is favored across the northern tier of states, excluding New England, and drier-than-average conditions are more likely across the southern tier of the U.S.

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Georgia Agritourism Conference

Posted by romeethredge on December 16, 2011

In Georgia, agriculture and tourism are our state’s top two economic generators.  The Georgia Agritourism Association (GAA)is the official voice of this exciting combination.

 Owners and operators from the state’s newest, oldest and most successful agritourism destinations will gather for an extraordinary 2012 Georgia Agritourism Conference January 5-6 in Savannah. The professional development experience and presentations by an array of speakers, business-to-business prospects, networking opportunities, trade show access and interaction with industry thought leaders will be phenomenal!  Go to:  for details.

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How to say Pecan

Posted by romeethredge on December 16, 2011

What is the right way to say ‘pecan’?

Lots of pecans have been picked up already but there are a few more out there. Here’s a photo I took this morning of some hanging in there. Prices have been very good this year.

Here’s a link below to a very good video concerning how to say “Pecan”. Some folks say that it depends on the current price. If prices are below a dollar a pound then it’s a “Pee- Can” but with high prices we can call it a “pu-cahn”


 Brad  Haire and Dr Lenny Wells,  University of Georgia

Pecans are known to be the healthiest of all tree nuts, packing more antioxidants than any other. What isn’t so certain is how the heck do you correctly pronounce it? Is it “pee-can” or “pu-cahn”?

“I run into both” ways of saying it, said Lenny Wells, pecan specialist with the University of Georgia Cooperative Extension, who is writing a book on the history of North America’s only commercially grown native nut.

In this episode of “In the Field,” Wells and Brad Haire, news director with UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, try to figure it out … kinda, sorta.

Watch What is the right way to say ‘pecan’?.

(Brad Haire is a news editor with the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.)

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Question of The Week – Module Burning

Posted by romeethredge on December 9, 2011

Last week I had a photo of a cotton module in a field that was burning.  If there’s a spark during the cotton picking process we can see this partly due to the air used in moving cotton through the picker.  Also, this can be a result of packing cotton that’s wet.

This week we went on an Office retreat/Christmas celebration on the Chattahoochee River and we went by this sign on the bank that marked the 31st parallel.  What is the significance of it?


Posted in Cotton, Wildlife | 2 Comments »

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