Seminole Crop E News

Agricultural News for Farmers and Agribusiness in SW Georgia

Archive for July, 2012

Cotton Bolls

Posted by romeethredge on July 27, 2012

Cotton has the bolls on it where we have had rainfall and where there’s irrigation.  Here’s a 5 lock boll. You can see that the fibers are growing. First we have seed formation then the fiber length is established , usually about an inch long.  Thereafter we have the fiber thickness increasing as the season goes on.   There are over 500,000 fibers per boll.

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Corn Coming In

Posted by romeethredge on July 27, 2012

Corn is pouring in and yields and grades are good. Test weights are picking up as well. Many folks are doublecropping behind the corn so they are getting it out as soon as possible, leading to trucking challenges.  Due partly to the drought in the midwest; corn prices are very good now.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Muscadines are Sweet

Posted by romeethredge on July 27, 2012

Muscadines are really sweet as they are ripening now.  Here’s Jim Minear from near Lake Seminole with some of the big crop he has this year.

Dr Patrick Conner, UGA Scientist, has a great web site with all kinds of Muscadine information. Here’s a link to our UGA Muscadine Grape information site.  http://www.caes.uga.edu/commodities/fruits/muscadines/index.html

 

Muscadine Cultivar Field Day

Tuesday, Aug. 14, 2012

UGA Tifton Campus – Horticulture Department

View and taste existing and potential new cultivars of fresh market muscadine grapes.

When and where: 10:30 a.m. to 2 p.m.-Tuesday, August 14, 2012 meet at the UGA Tifton Campus Horticulture Building Conference Room at 10:30 a.m. A picnic lunch will be served at 12 noon. There is no charge for lunch, but RSVP is requested. Please call 229-386-3355 to RSVP.

 

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Cotton Leaf Disease in Southwest Georgia

Posted by romeethredge on July 27, 2012

Cotton leaf disease is here and some of it is the Corenespora Target Spot, there is some Stemphyllium as well. The Corynespora is not caused by a lack of Potassium in the plant like the Stemphyllium is. Corynespora usually begins in the bottom of the canopy and may respond to fungicide treatments when applied early enough.  It is worse when we have lots of leaf wetness and worse where cotton follows cotton.  Also some cotton varieties seem to get it worse.

Here’s a photo I took of some yesterday.

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Question of the Week – Lacewing egg

Posted by romeethredge on July 27, 2012

Last week I had a photo of a Lacewing egg as the question. The lacewing is an important beneficial insect that helps fight the bad bugs.   It’s a predator that eats bollworm eggs and other eggs and small softbodied insects.

This week we saw this watermelon and I want you to tell me why it’s colored like this?

 

Melons are doing well and many have been harvested in the last month here. Here is Austin Trawick with some that he and Jeffery Croom grew near Iron City Georgia.  They also have some good looking squash they are harvesting.

Posted in Agriculture, Entomology, vegetables | Tagged: , | 2 Comments »

Ultra Late Soybeans – Water Critical

Posted by romeethredge on July 27, 2012

Ultra Late Soybeans are coming up and growing and are being planted now in a variety of ways.  No till drilled into undisturbed corn stubble in 7.5 inch rows, burned corn fields and drilled in 7.5 to 15 inch rows, twin row planters on 18 inch rows, Vacuum planters on 30 inch rows, etc.  Stands I’ve seen so far are mostly good. Growers are putting out about 210,000 seed per acre or so.

Watering is critical just before planting and afterwards. Partly due to the difficulty of getting all the seed in the ground properly in rough conditions, if we keep the ground wet we can get those seed up that are very shallow and keep crusting down by keeping  soil moist.  With these 99 degree days we have to keep the soil and seeds cool as well with irrigation.

No Till Drilled soybeans are coming up well here in 7.5 inch rows.

Grampa would say it looks trashy but it works.

Combine is in this in the field on the other side and the grain drill is here crisscrossing the field putting in soybeans. He’s using autosteer to make this easier.

 

No Till drill

Different field where they burned corn stubble and drilled 15 inch rows of Soybeans

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Velvet Bean Caterpillar is Here

Posted by romeethredge on July 24, 2012

I’ve seen a few Velvetbean Caterpillars (VBC) in peanuts this week and I got a call from a consultant who saw some in soybeans today.  They seem to be here a little early this year so we need to be aware of it.  VBC’s have 4 sets of abdominal prolegs and a pair of anal prolegs that point out almost. They are easy to confuse with Green Cloverworms but they have just 3 sets of abdominal prolegs. They wriggle like crazy whem you touch them. Often their head is a little more orangy.

Some of the chemistry we use for other caterpillars doesn’t control them so check before spraying.  The late soybeans we are now planting need to be scouted carefully for this and other pests such as Beet Armyworms as soon as they emerge.  In the photo below there is a VBC and a Southern Armyworm found in peanuts.

VBC on left, armyworm on right.

 

Posted in Entomology, Peanuts, Soybeans | Tagged: , , | Leave a Comment »

Question of the Week – Persimmon

Posted by romeethredge on July 21, 2012

Yes it was a persimmon. Very tasty when ripe but will turn your mouth inside out when green.

This week I want to know what this tiny thing is up on a stalk on a cotton leaf?

Later,

Rome

 

Posted in Cotton, Entomology, Wildlife | Tagged: , | 3 Comments »

Corn Harvest Going On

Posted by romeethredge on July 21, 2012

Corn harvest is proceeding. Price for corn is very good. Yields look good and test weights ok. Moisture from the field varies but was about 24% in some fields I was in this week.

We figure this will cost about 33 cents to dry to 15.5, only considering the variable costs. (mostly LP gas cost–for calculation purposes $ 1.95 per gallon). On farm continous flow drier. Let me know if I can help figure the cost with other moisture percentages and LP gas costs. Thanks to Dr Nathan Smith, UGA Ag Economist for help with this.

Raymond Thompson combines corn that will go to feed chickens and feed the Ethanol plant.

 

Todd Ray and I were checking out differences in corn hybrids. There’s lots of variability in kernel size and ear size. What you get a check for is what’s important. It’s hard to estimate yields.

 

 

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Peanut Situation

Posted by romeethredge on July 21, 2012

Peanuts are looking good as they are a little over half way to maturity.  They are podding well in most cases.

Peanuts are looking good, 70 days to go.

We are seeing some Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus (TSWV) in most fields but at very low levels.

Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus

 

TSWV

3 Cornered Alfalfa Hopper Damage.

There is some 3 cornered Alfalfa Hopper damage evident in most fields.  Stem girdling and then sometimes you will see a reddening of the stem above it as photosynthates accumulate.

 

Posted in Entomology, Peanuts, Plant Pathology | Tagged: , , | Leave a Comment »

 
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