Seminole Crop E News

Agricultural News for Farmers and Agribusiness in SW Georgia

Archive for October, 2013

Cotton Harvest Late

Posted by romeethredge on October 25, 2013

 

Cotton harvest is almost a month later than normal. Slower and later planting and cooler temperatures and rain all played a part. WTVY Channel 4 interviewed Greg Mims and myself recently about it.

Click on this typed link to see the video.

http://www.wtvy.com/home/headlines/Cotton-Harvest-Update-229172891.html#.UmqOL-kmL54.email

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Posted in Cotton | Tagged: | 1 Comment »

Grazing Flown On

Posted by romeethredge on October 25, 2013

Hey, if the cows are going to soon be hungry, you can get a jumpstart on fall grazing by flying on a small grain while the summer crop is in the field, Jack.

It’s hard to get a stand as good as you would get by waiting and drilling or disking in the seed, but every situation is different. Here are some photos of where we did this in soybeans, The grower waited until most of the leaves were off the soybeans so the airplane could get good coverage of the area and so there wouldn’t be so many leaves covering the seedlings. This grower used 2 bushels of wheat per acre. They were flown on by an aerial applicator and the grower started up the irrigation and very lightly watered the field and did it again in three days. It looks like we have good germination, and after the soybeans are harvested he should be able to put his cattle in to graze in a short period of time. It won’t be perfect but they will have some grazing earlier than they would have and the cow won’t jump over the moon but the airplane came close.

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Posted in Forages, Livestock, Soybeans | Tagged: , , | 3 Comments »

Soybeans – Dropping Leaves

Posted by romeethredge on October 25, 2013

Soybeans are dropping their leaves and harvest time is approaching for the full season crop.  Grower sprayed them twice with fungicide and once for caterpillars and once for stinkbugs and kudzubugs, so they have been cared for and I believe they will yield well.

Preharvest soybean losses can be minimized by planting shatter-resistant varieties and early harvest.

Soybeans should be harvested shortly after their moisture content first reaches 14-16 percent if possible or the buyer may require them to be 13% if you aren’t going to dry them.

The cylinder and fan speed must be adjusted to fit threshing conditions. When the moisture

content of the soybeans is above 13 percent, they are usually tough; so the cylinder speed may

have to be increased to 600 rpm. As soybeans dry, lower the cylinder speed to reduce breakage;

450 to 550 rpm should be high enough for soybeans that are below 13 percent in moisture

content.

 

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Posted in Soybeans | Tagged: | Leave a Comment »

Harvest Festival

Posted by romeethredge on October 25, 2013

Time to celebrate the harvest. It was our annual Harvest Festival this past weekend in Donalsonville, Seminole County. It’s great to live in a place that recognizes this important time of year and the folks in agriculture that make it all happen.

We had a good parade on Saturday and some of our 4-Her’s put together exhibits on wagons that honored our agricultural heritage. They won 1st place in the commercial category.

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Our farm family of the year was riding high on a float and congratulations to the Russ Tabb family.

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Posted in 4H, Agriculture, Crops | Tagged: , | Leave a Comment »

Question of the Week – Goldenrod

Posted by romeethredge on October 25, 2013

Last week I had a photo of some Goldenrod that has been blooming very well for a few weeks. Some folks say that you can tell when the first hard frost is coming by watching it. I get various stories about it. One gentleman said 30 to 35 days after it blooms you’ll have a hard frost. If that’s the case we will have an early frost this year. Our normal 1st frost is the middle of November. Another person says 6 weeks after full bloom frost will come.

So I don’t know, but I’m pretty sure we will have some cold this winter. We could use some more cold this year. A few folks have mentioned that we need more cold than we had last year. We had serious nematode problems and maybe some harder cold will help that situation?

Here’s this week’s question.

I received this photo through email and I would like to see if you can identify this.

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Posted in Agriculture, Entomology | Tagged: | 2 Comments »

Peanuts Good for You

Posted by romeethredge on October 25, 2013

30 Seconds about peanuts, that’s really “in a nutshell”.

Posted in Agriculture, Peanuts | Leave a Comment »

It’s about Over for Peanut Maturity

Posted by romeethredge on October 23, 2013

The National Weather Service is forecasting low temperatures over the next 3-5 days to dip into the lower 40’s and upper 30’s. The coldest night is predicted to be Friday night/Saturday morning (keep in mind when they forecast the nightly low temp it usually always occurs just prior to or at daybreak the following morning). There are two issues we need to consider.

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Here’s Brantley Broome a couple of weeks ago with some very good peanuts.

Dr. John Beasley gives us his thoughts on this: “First, based on experience, when we have 3 or more days with low temperatures in the lower 40’s or lower the peanut maturation process will shut down. Therefore, with the forecast for the next 3-5 days indicating low temperatures in that range, we would not expect any fields to mature beyond where they will be as of this weekend. Even if a Hull-Scrape Maturity Profile indicates a field is 7 days, 10, days, etc. from reaching optimal maturity, the maturation process will shut down as soon as we have the kind of temperatures we expect to get over the weekend. If you have fields left to be harvested, be making plans to begin harvest as soon as the colder mornings pass.

Be sure to NOT DIG the day before a morning in which the low temperature is low enough that there is a risk of frost or freezing. The low for this coming Friday night / Saturday morning is 38 in the Tifton area (40 in Seminole County area). Once we start approaching the 35-36 degree range, frost can occur, especially in low lying areas of a field where the colder air will be. Keep in mind, the recorded low temperature is measured at 5 feet above ground by the NWS. Cold air sinks, which means it could be a few degrees colder in low lying areas of fields.

Frost or freezing temperatures on freshly dug peanuts can cause freeze damage to the kernels, which in turn, can be graded as Seg 2 peanuts. Seg 2 peanuts are greatly devalued when graded ($132 per ton). If a field is dug on Friday afternoon and we approach the middle 30’s in temperature the next morning, freeze damage can occur. When dug, peanuts have 40% or greater moisture. Two or three days in the dug windrow allows the moisture content to drop enough so that the seed separates from against the inside of the hull. This separation will alleviate the risk of freeze damage. High moisture content with a seed still in contact with the inside of the hull increases the risk of freeze damage.

With a forecast of sunshine and clear skies for Wednesday and Thursday, growers can consider digging over the next couple of days but I would not dig any at all on Friday. Once we get past Saturday morning the forecast is showing warmer low temperatures as we enter next week.

With the forecast of the low temperatures in the lower 40’s and upper 30’s for several days it looks as if we can call the 2013 peanut season over. We might as well harvest what is left since we would expect very little, if any, advancement in maturity with the colder temperatures. Just do not dig within 24 hours of the coldest morning.”

Posted in Peanuts | Tagged: | Leave a Comment »

Peanuts Georgia-12 Y

Posted by romeethredge on October 18, 2013

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Georgia 12-Y is a new peanut variety released by the University of Georgia in 2012. I got a good look at them today being plowed up by Stephen Scott on his farm. They are very showy and look like they will yield well. They are disease resistant and have very good vines. This is good soil and they grew big vines. They are reported to be a longer maturity peanut. These are about 148 days old. We are excited about the possibilities of this and a few more new varieties of peanuts. _DSC1095

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Here’s some UGA yield data.

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Posted in Peanuts | Leave a Comment »

Question of the Week – Mable Orchard Spider

Posted by romeethredge on October 18, 2013

Last week I had a common spider that is small but attractive. They are abundant in cotton fields now. Wes Briggs sent a photo to me a few days ago and I’m seeing them in lots of places. They help control other insect pests that fly into their webs. The Mabel Orchard Spider, Leucauge venusta, is a beautiful spider of gleaming golden hues, silvery reflections, and iridescent greens, blues and yellows.  The spider’s legs look like fluorescent fishing line in the sunlight. _DSC0711

Here’s this week’s question.

What is this and what does it have to do with cold weather?

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Posted in Entomology | 2 Comments »

Small Grains Recommendations 2013

Posted by romeethredge on October 18, 2013

   Lots of good information in the UGA Small Grain Performance Tests booklet. There’s a link to this and other UGA Variety testing info on the left side of my blog and here. http://www.swvt.uga.edu/

Go onto the link to see the yield test results.

Here are some good guidelines below.

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Posted in Forages, Wheat | Tagged: , | Leave a Comment »

 
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