Seminole Crop E News

Agricultural News for Farmers and Agribusiness in SW Georgia

Tram Lines in Wheat

Posted by romeethredge on January 30, 2015

I was very impressed by the tram lines I saw today that were made by Stephen Houston in his wheat field. _DSC0400

Here’s some info concerning their value in small grain fields from the UGA Wheat production Guide.

“Establishing a row traffic pattern at planting on soon after for all post-emergence field traffic can have merit for reducing injury to wheat and allowing for the crop following wheat to be planted no-till without stunting. No-tilling the crop after wheat can increase yield and soil/water conservation of the secondary crop.

Traffic patterns or tramlines can be established by closing one or more openings in the drill when planting the crop. This can be done by mechanically retrofitting the drill with clutches attached to the metering cup so as to close the opening to leave unplanted rows designed to fit the wheel spacing of your sprayer or tractor. Devices for drills can be purchased to establish tramlines on any tractor width in any multiple of drill widths.

Tramlines may also be formed after the crop has emerged by chemically killing the rows with glyphosate that match the width of the implement used to apply fertilizer or pesticides. Precision agriculture tools such as light bars and GPS guidance systems can help reduce the error of overlapping when attempting to chemically kill rows to produce a tramline. Chemically kill wheat early once the plant has one to two developed leaves.

Using tramlines in intensively managed wheat makes applying uniform sprays of nutrients and pesticides much easier. They improve the precision of applications. They can be used as guides for repeated applications and save on the cost of aerial applications. They reduce the chance of disease development when compared to plants that are crushed by running over standing wheat. Studies have shown that the border plants will compensate for yield losses whereas plants damaged by tires rarely produce good grain.”

_DSC0408 Stephen made a spray system to spray some herbicide to kill this strip in the field. He mounted this on his tractor and used a 15 gallon tank and pump from a yard sprayer to spray the band from 2 nozzles. He made a shield to make sure he didn’t kill more wheat than was necessary. He used the autosteer to make sure to travel in the exact spots where his sprayer will run. _DSC0407 _DSC0404  _DSC0398 _DSC0395 _DSC0394 _DSC0391

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