Seminole Crop E News

Agricultural News for Farmers and Agribusiness in SW Georgia

Too Early to Plant Peanuts?

Posted by romeethredge on April 10, 2015

A few folks here in deep south Georgia have begun putting a few peanuts in the ground, although its a little early. We could still have some cold conditions and we could have more problems with getting good stands and problems with Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus, planting this early. What I’m saying is we need to proceed slowly if we’re getting going.  I know some folks have a lot of acres to plant with limited rigs, if you don’t, then hold off for a while.

 

Drs. Scott Monfort and Scott Tubbs, UGA Scientists, have these comments concerning planting peanuts now.

 “How early can I plant peanuts?”   An easy question to answer.  Right?  Not Really.  Based on our UGA recommendation, the soil temperature at the 4 inch depth needs to be at least 68 degrees with no chance of a cold front within the next week after planting.   Typically, this happens in the later part of April to first part of May.  So what do you do when soil temperatures are in the high 60’s in the first part of April (See average daily soil temperatures below) ?   We recommend folks keep their seed in the bag until the latter part of April.   There is no need to be in a hurry to plant peanuts.

Even with soil temperatures warm enough for planting in early April in 2014 in SW Georgia, the average 4 in. soil temperature from April 16-20 was 61.3 F.

In Tifton, GA the date on the calendar meeting the recommended planting conditions without a later drop in soil temperature was May 5 (2014), May 9 (2013), April 27 (2012), April 21 (2011), and May 1 (2010) over the last five growing seasons. 

Thus, please be cautioned about putting seed in the ground too early.  The chances for cooler temperatures to occur as the month of April progresses remain high historically until late in the month, which is a threat to establishing optimum plant stands.”

Statesboro, Bulloch County, Georgia

From Apr-1 to Apr-5

Average Daily 4 in. Temperature [°F]

2015

68.60

2014

68.81

2013

61.91

2012

76.17

Plains, Sumter County, Georgia

From Apr-1 to Apr-5

Average Daily 4 in. Temperature [°F]

2015

69.33

2014

64.99

2013

59.44

2012

73.09

Donalsonville, Seminole County, Georgia

From Apr-1 to Apr-5

Average Daily 4 in. Temperature [°F]

2015

71.74

2014

68.45

2013

63.96

2012

74.69

 

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