Archive for the ‘Livestock’ Category
Posted by romeethredge on March 23, 2015
Posted by romeethredge on March 11, 2015
Many cattlemen are having to feed more hay than expected due to poor establishment of winter annuals, poor growth of winter annuals due to cold/wet conditions, issues with Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus, leaching rains etc. Hay is hard to find. We are getting down to marginal to bad quality hay, so cattle feed supplementation is needed.
Here’s some information about supplemental feeding from UGA Livestock Scientists, Jacob Segers and Lawton Stewart. Most cattle producers are close to finishing calving (winter/spring calving herds), or in the later half of lactation (fall calving herds).
Considering the situation, we put together 2 tables of potential supplements for cattle/forage combinations.
This first table is using readily available feeds from AFG Feed here in Donalsonville. The second table is for use with other feed sources.
These are general and can be fine-tuned with a forage report and knowing the actual supplements available.
Most urea-based liquid feeds, blocks, and tubs should provide adequate nutrients if the suggested supplement is 3.5 lb/hd/d or less for brood cows. These feeds are not recommended for calves under 500 lb.
Posted by romeethredge on March 9, 2015
The UGA Georgia Forages program will host a workshop entitled “Alfalfa in the South” on Mar. 17 starting at 9 a.m. The workshop will be at the UGA Livestock Instructional Arena (2600 Milledge Ave., Athens, GA).
The workshop will focus on how to successfully use alfalfa, including how to grow your own N and feed supplement by interseeding alfalfa into bermudagrass. Subjects covered include: site selection, establishment protocol, soil fertility, harvest management, and how to use this high quality and cost-effective crop. We will also have a grower panel to hear how other producers are using alfalfa in bermudagrass across Georgia and the Southeast. We then will go to see two fields where alfalfa was interseeded into bermudagrass (see full agenda).
Cost of the one-day workshop is $25 and includes lunch and refreshments, an ‘Alfalfa in the South’ notebook, and other publications on alfalfa production and use in the South. To register, call Cathy Felton at 706-310-3464 or send us an email. (Note: Cathy is part time and works mornings. If you don’t get her, just leave a message and she’ll get back with you.) If you are interested in attending the workshop virtually, call Cathy Felton at 706-310-3464 or send her an email. Attending the webinar is free and you will receive all of the information via a pdf file.
Posted by romeethredge on March 5, 2015
Last week I had a photo of Wade Spooner from 1971 with this State Champion Market Barrow.
Here’s the newspaper clipping from 1971.
I saw his name in the program at the State Livestock show recently.
This week I want to ask what Dr. Kemerait was explaining at a recent peanut disease meeting we had here? I thought I was back in Organic Chemistry or Biochemistry at UGA.
Posted by romeethredge on January 30, 2015
Last week I had a chicken photo and I asked about their talent with their heads. Chickens have an uncanny head tracking ability. You can move their bodies around and they keep their heads in exactly the same position all the time, rock solid.
Here’s a good video that demonstrates this.
This week I have some very small insects I want you to identify. They were brought in to me by some folks that found them in their home.
Heres’ a closeup.
Posted by romeethredge on January 29, 2015
What has two thumbs and wants to turn $2 into $50??? THIS GUY!
If nothing else, I got you to stop and read this first sentence, or at least look at the figures. Implanting cattle is not a new technology, its been around for years. It has the potential to add 3-5% more pounds to your calf crop, yet fewer and fewer producers are employing the practice. WHY? Unfortunately, we as producers are faced with battling myths and urban legends about the food we provide. Although there is no science behind it, we are faced with the stigma of hormones in beef, and the resulting “natural beef” that many are producing to satisfy this concern. We figured now would be a good time to review what we know about implanting since we’re entering the time of year when winter/spring born calves are ready for this practice.
What are implants? Implants are small pellets that contain a growth stimulant that is slowly released over a period of time. Implants work by increasing circulating levels of somatotropin and insulin-like growth-factor 1. These compounds are produced naturally by the animal and control mechanisms that regulate growth and feed efficiency. Implants are available for nursing calves, stocker calves and/or finishing cattle. Bulls calves intended for breeding stock and replacement heifers should not be implanted.
Do implants improve performance? The simple answer is “yes”. A summary of several research studies revealed that implanting steer calves only once improved daily gains by 0.10 pounds per day, and implanting twice (the second implant would be administered 70-100 days after the first) increased daily gains by 0.13 pounds per day when compared to calves receiving no implants. This resulted in an average response of 5.3% increase in gain of calves at weaning for one implant, and a 6.2% increase for two implants.
Does pay to implant? Again, the simple answer is “yes”. For example, assume an implanted calf on the cow gains and additional 5%. At weaning, a non-implanted calf would weigh 600 lb, so its implanted counterpart would weigh 630 lb. In today’s market, if we consider $2.00/lb value, that would add an extra $60 in value to that calf. All of this for an approximate input cost of less than $2 per head for the implant and the labor. Another way to look at it is that you would need to receive a $58+ premium for the non-implanted calf through a natural program to eliminate this technology.
Is it safe for the consumer? Once more, the simple answer is “yes”. The public concern is focused on the increased estrogenic activity caused by the consumption of beef from an implanted animal. First, there is no such thing as “hormone-free beef”. Hormones are present in all biogogical food sources, whether it’s animal or plant, implanted or not. Table 1 illustrates the estrogenic activity of common foods. This clearly shows the safety of this practice, as it applies to human health.
So hopefully this helps explain the benefits of utilizing implants in cattle. There are several available commercially, and a specific applicator is needed for this practice.
This article originally posted in the Southeast Cattle Advisor. There’s lots of good stuff to read there.
Posted by romeethredge on December 11, 2014
The high cattle prices are tempting cowardly cattle rustlers. This warning below was released by the Ga Cattlemen’s association. It helps to know their modus operandi.
“We want to make everyone aware that we (Ga Cattlemen’s Association) have been contacted by the Sheriff of Barrow County (it’s between Atlanta and Athens) today. He has had cattle stolen from farms in his area as well as cattle trailers. They are working with the Sheriffs in surrounding counties to catch the thieves. These guys are using catch pens to put the cattle in, then feeding them for a couple of days, backing up the cattle trailer to the fence, cutting the fence and the cattle are loading easily.
As you well know, cattle prices are great and just a few cattle stolen can cost you greatly. We have seen this on the news for lots of states recently. We want to let everyone know that this is happening in Georgia. Please contact your local Sheriff’s office if you see anything suspicious. Monitor everything on your farm. If you see feed that you didn’t put out or the cattle around the catch pens then report it – report everything suspicious. If we all work together and look out for one another this can be stopped!
Georgia Cattlemen’s Association”
Posted by romeethredge on November 7, 2014
We had 3 frosts recently and they can cause problems for grazing plants in the sorghum family.
Here’s some Sorghum that was frosted so it should not be grazed for a week or so until the Prussic acid can dissipate.
Prussic acid or hydrocyanide is formed in certain plant species during water stress or frost
conditions. Under normal growing conditions, these plants produce a nontoxic substance
called dhurrin. When plants are injured by frost or wilting, enzymes come into contact
with dhurrin and liberate toxic prussic acid. Concentrations of prussic acid can also be
high in young, rapidly growing tillers.
Plants in the sorghum family are susceptible to prussic acid formation and include
johnsongrass, sudangrass, sorghum and sorghum-sudan hybrids. Wilted wild cherry
leaves can also contain lethal amounts of prussic acid. Unlike sorghums, pearl millet does
not produce prussic acid (but does accumulate nitrates) and can be safely grazed
following a frost.
This Pearl Millet can be grazed with no problem after frost unless there’s a worry about nitrates if the field had been fertilized and /or under drought conditions and had recent rain. A sample can be sent for nitrate testing if it is a concern.
Prussic acid is most concentrated in young leafy tissue which is also the plant part
preferentially selected by grazing animals. Therefore, unlike nitrate toxicity, grazing
pastures lightly to reduce toxin intake is unlikely to succeed.
Prussic acid is lethal to animals because it interferes with the animal cell’s ability to
generate energy. This ultimately results in death. Simply put, cyanide prevents oxygen
transfer from the blood and animals suffocate at the cellular level. Because blood from
prussic acid poisoned animals does not release oxygen, venous blood is normally a bright
cherry red color when a postmortem examination is performed. This is a good indicator
that prussic acid poisoning has occurred.
Prussic acid poisoning occurs rapidly. The time from ingestion of toxic forages to death
is usually short with animal losses sometimes occurring within 10 to 15 minutes of
grazing affected pastures. Typical animal symptoms include excessive salivation, rapid
breathing, and muscle spasms. Because the tissues cannot receive oxygen, mucous
membranes often have a purplish color. Animals are occasionally observed staggering
through the pasture before collapse and death. Successful treatment is almost impossible
because of the rapid progression of symptoms. Animals must be removed from toxic
pastures immediately. Preventative management is the only reliable method to avoid
For more forages info go to georgiaforages.com.
Posted by romeethredge on August 21, 2014
I like this article by Dr. Lee Jones,UGA Vet, in the Southeast Cattle Advisor blog. Here’s the link to the blog with the full article. http://www.secattleadvisor.com/
Stockmanship, Dr. Lee Jones, UGA College of Veterinary Medicine | Southeast Cattle Advisor
“Stockmanship, like sustainability, is a commonly used word that many might find hard to clearly define in a few words. Stockmanship has been defined as the knowledgeable and skillful handling of livestock in a safe, efficient, effective, and low-stress manner and denotes a low-stress, integrated, comprehensive, holistic approach to livestock handling (Stockmanship Journal). However, stockmanship is more than just handling. It is concerned with the whole life of the animal in our care. We used to call it animal husbandry or stewardship. First and foremost, stockmanship is livestock centered. By that I mean, we must consider the natural behavior and needs of the animal or group. There are 3 essential elements of good stockmanship: an environment that provides protection and comfort appropriate for the species; adequate, well designed facilities that enables low stress handling; and a comprehensive, herd health management program……….
Stockmanship and Resources
The good stockman knows his/her resources and is a good business manager. Bud Williams was fond of telling folks that “ranchers have 3 things in their inventory: money, grass and animals. You can never have too much money or too much grass but you sure can have too many animals.” It’s beyond the scope of this article to go into a lot of detail but good stockmen manage grass and soils and let the cows harvest the grass. To some degree herds on understocked pastures can increase production (calf weaning weights) to make up the difference but herds on overstocked pastures not only don’t reach their full potential the overall herd production is severely diminished, soils become depleted or degraded, future pasture health is compromised and cow herd fertility suffers as well as calf weights and calf health. Calves from overgrazed pastures are more likely to experience health problems after weaning. Good stockmanship means knowing what the carrying capacity is of the pastures and stocking appropriately.
Principles of Cattle Handling
Slower is better. Obviously this has its limits but for the most part slower is better and faster than getting in big hurry. Pressure from the side and only when cattle see where to go. When cattle are pressured from the rear they are likely to turn around to face the pressure. Cattle want to see you. Once cows can see the opening and are facing that direction then we can push them in that direction from their side behind the point of their shoulder. Cattle must be comfortable to go by you and stay straight. Cattle naturally face any threat. If cattle feel threatened by you they won’t walk straight or go by you. When working cattle in an alley, going with the flow slows them down and going against the flow speeds them up. This seems counter intuitive at first but it works. Try it and see. Cattle can only process one thing at a time. Many folks like to talk to their cattle. If cattle are used to this then it probably won’t cause problems. However, multiple stimuli including sight, sound and touch creates confusion for cattle and thereby increases stress and the flight response. Cows work best when they are ready; it’s up to us to get them there.
Simply put, I think good stockmen are students of their cattle. Good stockmanship is like a timely rain, sunshine and hybrid vigor; it doesn’t cost anything extra but the benefits to cattle health, welfare and performance are tremendous.”
Posted by romeethredge on July 29, 2014