Seminole Crop E News

Agricultural News for Farmers and Agribusiness in SW Georgia

Corn Weeds in 2015

Posted by romeethredge on February 26, 2015

Today at our weeed meeting Dr. Eric Prostko, UGA Weed Scientist, gave us some good pointers.

First, we need to start clean of pigweed, especially.

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We need to use some sort of preemergence and then come in early with Atrazine plus another weed killer, as shown here.

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We need to get on our post emergent herbicides early because we can hurt corn yields by being late.

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I hate to see a mess like this in the spray tank. We need to be careful when mixing a lot of products and pre-slurry dry products in water.  Also do a jar test or contact your County agent about getting him to use his test kit for unusual mixes. Fullscreen capture 2262015 52756 PM

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UGA Peanut Variety Update

Posted by romeethredge on February 23, 2015

Here’s some peanut variety information for 2015 from UGA Peanut Breeder, Dr. Bill Branch.

 

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Cattle and the Cold Weather

Posted by romeethredge on February 20, 2015

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Question of The Week – Praying Mantis Egg Case

Posted by romeethredge on February 20, 2015

Last week I had a photo of an egg case we found while pruning a peach tree. I remember in elementary school in Plains, Ga we had one in class and the tiny mantises hatched out by the dozens. They are beneficials, eating up insects that may harm plants.

Here’s some information from the UGA Insect Zoo.

- Other Names: Praying Mantid

– The word mantis derives from the Greek word mantis for prophet or fortune teller.

– The eyes of the mantis bulge large and round from the sides of the head.

– Has the ability to rotate the head 90 degrees.

– The praying mantis is deaf to most sounds (those not ultrasonic) and there are no ears on the head.

– The praying mantis has one single ear in the middle of the thorax on the underside. This single ear, which is a deep slit inside the thorax, allows it to hear ultrasonic sounds.

– The front two legs are shorter and set in a “praying” position, and are lined with spines and end with sharp hooks for capturing and killing prey.

– They are one of the few non-mammal species with true stereoscopic vision, which provides an advantage with depth perception.

– Being a carnivorous insect, the praying mantis feeds primarily on other insects such as flies, butterflies, crickets, moths and spiders. However, it is not uncommon for larger mantids to consume small reptiles and even small mammals or birds.

– The female praying mantis is known for her habit of biting the head off her partner while they are mating; this behavior is not as common as the reputation might suggest (and contrary to popular belief, this act has no influence on the reproductive process, save for terminating the male’s ability to pass his genes on to any other females). Sexual cannibalism may be rarer in the wild than in captive mantids kept in a cage, due to the lack of room for the male to evade the female after mating ends.

 

 

This week’s question is about some chickens we saw at Rock Eagle 4-H center while there recently for Junior Senior Project Achievement. What kind are they and are they used commercially today for meat or egg production?

IMG_5639.

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Corn Planting Time?

Posted by romeethredge on February 20, 2015

There’s been some sweet corn put in the ground but no field corn that I’ve heard of.

At our corn meeting this week , Dr. Dewey Lee, UGA grains scientist,  said we need the 2 inch soil temperature to be above 55 degrees for at least 3 days and no real cold temperatures in the forecast.

In looking at our weather station data in Donalsonville, I see that the 2 inch soil temperature right now (Friday, 3 pm, 2-20-15), is 54.6 degrees F, but let’s look at the daily averages for the past few days, on georgiaweather.net. Yesterday the average 2 inch soil temperature was 46.7. Two days ago it was 48.2 and before that 53.3, and four days ago it was 55 degrees.

So we are going backwards in terms of soil temperature with the record cold we are experiencing. Hopefully soon we’ll get some soil warming but the best thing to do now is to leave the seed in the bag.

 

 

Posted in Agriculture, Corn | Tagged: | 5 Comments »

Cotton Marketing Opportunity

Posted by romeethredge on February 19, 2015

Good Market Opportunity—Through Today, February 19

Thus far, the cotton market (May15 futures) is up 2 cents this week.  This will lower the LDP/MLG beginning February 20 through February 26.

The LDP/MLG is currently 4.24 cents through the close of business Thursday, February 19.    Currently, based on how the A-index has done beginning February 13, the AWP would decline 0.7 cents to 3.54 cents.

Three things are currently in the producers favor:  the “difference” between NY Cotton Futures and the A-Index has narrowed recently, the market has made good progress this week, and basis and premiums for fiber quality continue to be very good.

Based on where May15 futures closed today, current basis and premiums, and the LDP through close of business today, the “Total Money” to the producer is now at 73.56 cents.  The is the best post-harvest opportunity we’ve had with this year’s crop and producers may want to consider redeeming a few bales and taking the LDP or taking a “merchant equity” if in loan.  Otherwise, if cotton can still be POP’ed, take the  POP/LDP on some of it and sell those bales.

 shurley

Don Shurley

Professor Emeritus of Cotton Economics

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Timing Critical to Controlling Thistle and Dogfennel

Posted by romeethredge on February 17, 2015

Brock Ward, Miller County Extension Coordinator, wrote this about pasture weed control. To view the full article click on the Spring Creek Extension News Blog.

When it comes to pasture and hayfield management, weeds are pests year round.  With the broad spectrum of weeds here in the Southeast and the climate to sustain them, it is a struggle staying ahead of them.  Over the last few years, I have gotten calls in the spring through early summer about controlling weeds in pastures and more often than not, those weeds include dogfennel and thistles.  These are two of the most common weed problems for producers in Georgia.20150212_083143_resized

Photo by Brock Ward

First we will start with the thistle complex as it is often overlooked during the best time for control.  Starting in mid-January through mid-March, producers should scout for the presence of thistles in the rosette stage of growth.  This is the stage of growth where the plant is low to the ground and grows outward from its taproot as a mass of leaves just above the soil surface.  It is easy to drive by a hayfield or pasture and not even suspect the presence of thistles.  The thistle complex consists of several different species but they are all treated as one complex.

Timing is the most critical element in the management of several of our weeds and thistle is no exception.  When in the rosette stage, chemical control of thistle is much better than if the plants are bolting, or growing taller from the center.  Also it is even harder to kill a thistle once it has begun to flower.  It benefits the producer to attack thistles during the rosette stage as it is susceptible to a broader range of cost effective herbicides.

Click through to Spring creek blog  above for more info.

Posted in Forages, Weeds | Tagged: , | Leave a Comment »

Question of the Week – Mulberry leaf, Silk worm, Cocoon.

Posted by romeethredge on February 13, 2015

Last week I asked about the seal of the colony of Georgia. We just celebrated the anniversary of when James Oglethorpe landed the first Ga settlers on Feb 12 , 1733.

They hoped that silk production would be big here and they did grow some mulberry trees and had silkworms feeding on them and produced some silk. Hence the seal had these on it as pictured.

The words are in Latin and they mean, “Not for self, but for others.” I’m thankful for all those that came before us in this great state.  The selfless, God-fearing giants on whose shoulders we stand today.

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This week I want to know what this is that we found on a peach tree last week?

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Posted in Agriculture | 3 Comments »

Decision Aid for Farm Bill

Posted by romeethredge on February 12, 2015

There is a pretty good Farm Bill Decision Aid for help making decisions concerning the farm bill, from Texas A&M University. https://usda.afpc.tamu.edu/

Data needed to use the decision aids:
1. FSA-156EZ form: farm number, base acres as of Sept. 2013 (excluding cotton “generic” base), CC yields, and planted acres

2. Approved APH production & Yield Report: provided by RMA/Crop Insurance Agent; rate (actual) yield, APH yield, and actual planted acres for up to ten years (2003-2013).
Note: Only planting history and yields for 2008-2012 are used in determining base reallocation.

You’ll need your planned future crop acres, 2014 to 2018.

 

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Blessed Harvest Farmer Appreciation Breakfast – 2015

Posted by romeethredge on February 12, 2015

The 16th Blessed Harvest Farmer Appreciation Breakfast held at the Donalsonville Lions Hall on Wednesday, February 4th, was a great success with more than 75 people in attendance. Chamber of Commerce chairman Mark Hanna welcomed everyone to the breakfast, and following the invocation by outgoing chamber chairman Tim Bush, a delicious buffet breakfast was enjoyed by all.
Following the meal, Gene Cook  presented the 2014 Agriculture Person of the Year award to Greg Mims. “A statement most likely that could be made to summarize this young man is that in every endeavour he has undertaken it was with steadfast dedication; he stands strong until the job is completed.” commented Cook in his presentation.

Previous recipients of this award are

Rome Ethredge, Terry Shamblin, Don Dekle, Gene Cook, Mike Casey, Joe Hall, Mark Burkett,
Jerry Mitchell, Willard Mims, Dusty Smith, Travis Braswell and Mark Hanna

Mims is a self-employed farmer with his family’s Farm Partnership who devotes many hours to improving farming practices on his family farm.  He is a graduate of Seminole County High School and attended ABAC, Bainbridge College and Valdosta State, where he received a degree in marketing and management. Mims is always learning and striving to implement these practices to create a better product, therefore improving agricultural standards.  He is always willing to serve on committees to create ways to promote agriculture in his community and even in the state.
Mims serves as district supervisor for the Flint River Soil and Water District and as President on the state board of the Georgia Young Farmer Association.  He also serves on the steering committee at Bainbridge College.  Through the work of this committee, the college has begun to offer agriculture education classes and formed a partnership with the UGA Tifton campus.  Greg also serves as chairman of the Soybean/Small Grain board.  He also works many hours with the Seminole County Young Farmer program.
Mims also operates the sound system for Trinity United Methodist Church each Sunday morning.  He and his wife also serve on the Concessions Committee for the Seminole County Band Boosters.  He works tirelessly with the new non-profit organization, Seminole County Warpath on Cancer, and he and his family work concessions for the local Hog and Cow Shows, giving the proceeds back to the livestock shows to help purchase the children’s livestock projects.
Mims is a past winner of the Citizen of the Year Award, Georgia Young Peanut Farmer, and Outstanding Georgia Young Farmer Member. Greg and his wife Stephanie have two children, Will and Katibeth and his parents are Betty and Willard Mims.
The speaker for the event was Florida State Climatologist David Zierman.
The Chamber of Commerce expresses its appreciation to all the corporate sponsors and door prize contributors for helping make the event a success. The Farmer Appreciation Breakfast was coordinated by the Chamber staff, Chamber Board members, and Agriculture Committee members Rome Ethredge and Gene Cook.

The above article was by David Maxwell and appeared in the Donalsonville News. You can link to their website.

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